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The most famous icon of Tanzania is Mount Kilimanjaro, a popular mountain to climb and the highest peak in Africa. Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the north-east, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. The biggest body of water is Lake Victoria which lies in the north and west. Africa’s Great Lakes of Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Malawi are all partly within Tanzania. They contain more fresh water than the Great Lakes of North America. The Ngorongoro Crater is another icon for the country and is the world’s largest inactive and intact volcanic caldera.
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For a spectacular view visit Kalambo Falls, a single drop waterfall is located in the southwestern region of Rukwa. It is the second highest constant waterfall in Africa. Many travellers visit Zanzibar a “northern circuit" of Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tarangire National Park, Lake Manyara National Park, and Mount Kilimanjaro. Cultural tours and safaris are the major draw for Tanzania. If you’re looking for the best beach, Tanzania has some of the best, most unspoiled beaches in the world.
The white sand of the Indian Ocean (Zanzibar), is stunning and great for diving. The name Tanzania comes from a the combination of the two states that unified to create the country; Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa and roughly 38% of Tanzania’s land is assigned to protected areas for conservation. There are a variety of game and forest reserves and Tanzania has 16 national parks. This all makes for great wildlife spotting.
Over 100 different languages are spoken in Tanzania, and while there is no official language, Swahili is widely spoken by roughly 90% of the population. English is often used as well. Arabic is widely spoken and is official at Zanzibar. A tourist visa is required for Canadians and Americans and can be obtained on arrival but it is recommended to get prior to arrival.
The best times to visit Tanzania is June to August and January to February. The climate varies within Tanzania but there are no noticeable seasons such as winter or summer. Rather there is the dry and wet seasons. Tanzania has two rainy seasons. The short rains from late-October to late-December, what is known as the Mango Rains, and the long rains from March to May. The highlands can reach between 10 and 20 °C (50 and 68 °F) during cold and hot seasons respectively. Many popular resorts and tourist attractions on Zanzibar close during the long rains season.
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The Incredible Mt Kilimanjaro
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The Ngorongoro Crater Conservation Area
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What you need to know
Information and Facts
A major draw for visitors of Tanzania is the variety of cultural tours and safaris available. A must-see icon of Tanzania is the stunning Mount Kilimanjaro, a popular mountain to climb as well as being the highest peak in all of Africa! Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested and the largest body of water is the renowned Lake Victoria. Africa’s Great Lakes of Lake Victoria contain more fresh water than the Great Lakes of North America. Another must-see is the Ngorongoro Crater as it is the world’s largest inactive volcanic caldera.
Tanzania’s climate is mostly of a subtropical climate, especially in the coastal regions. The country has two distinct seasons; a wet season, also known as the summer (November to February), characterized by heavy rain falls and humidity and from May to August is the country’s winter season where the weather includes cooler, drier conditions and very little rainfall.
Canadians can enjoy safe travels year-round in Tanzania. We recommend that all our travellers purchase travel insurance to cover theft, loss, cancellations/travel interruptions, accidents and non-pre-existing medical problems.
The (UV) sunrays can be very strong and can cause a burn, even on a cloudy day, and therefore it is important to bring, and regularly apply, sun block as well as wearing sunglasses and comfortable, long-sleeved clothing. Stay hydrated and cool off in shaded areas as much as possible.
As well, make well-informed decisions, take necessary precautions as you would with travel anywhere else, have copies on-hand of your important documents (ie: passport, excursion confirmations, event tickets, etc.), while keeping them stored separately (and safely) from the originals.
Some vaccines may be recommended, and should be up to date when travelling to Tanzania. These recommended vaccines include: Tetanus, Diphtheria, Hepatitis A & Hepatitis B, typhoid, yellow fever, measles, meningitis and the influenza shot among others. It is best to seek advice from a medical professional prior to travel.
Currency & Customs
The currency in Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling. There are ATMs in major towns throughout the country and Visa and MasterCard is often widely accepted.
Your Canadian passport must be valid, or should not expire, for at least 6 months past the date of your return. Canadian passport holders require an entry visa to enter Tanzania.
There are restrictions on the amounts of alcohol and tobacco products brought into the country. Plants and animals, and products made from such, will be subject to restrictions and quarantine. All Food Products should be declared on arrival.
The electrical current for Tanzania is 230 volts; it is recommended for certain appliances such as hair dryers and straighteners to bring both a plug adapter and converter. For newer electronics such as tablets or smartphones, a plug adapter may only be needed as the voltage could automatically adjust (best to seek advice from an electronic or gadget specialist).
The main spoken languages in Tanzania are English and Bantu Swahili. There are also a variety of indigenous languages spoken throughout the country.